The Federalist Papers: No. 51

On this day in 1788, Federalist Paper No. 51 is published. Publius has been following a train of thought regarding “separation of powers” since paper no. 47. This essay is the last in that series. As discussed in these essays, separation of powers is a vital characteristic of good government. (“Separation” means, for example, that […]

The Federalist Papers: No. 50

On this day in 1788, Federalist Paper No. 50 is published. Publius continues to address the best system of addressing constitutional infractions. He is specifically addressing a proper method of “PREVENTING AND CORRECTING INFRACTIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION.” He views this issue as separate from a closely related topic: “ALTERING the Constitution itself.” Our Constitution primarily […]

The Federalist Papers: No. 49

On this day in 1788, Federalist Paper No. 49 is published. I know that many readers of this page are working toward an Article V convention for proposing constitutional amendments. This essay is for you! Publius addressed the need for checks and balances in the last paper: The legislative branch can “check” the executive (e.g., […]

The Federalist Papers: No. 48

On this day in 1788, Federalist Paper No. 48 is published. James Madison (a.k.a. “Publius”) continues his discussion of separation of powers in government. Madison agreed that separation of powers was critical in a free country. If the whole power of two departments falls into the hands of one person, then power can be abused. […]