This Day in History: James Madison reports that New York has ratified the Constitution!

On this day in 1788, James Madison, the “Father of the Constitution,” writes a letter to his father. New York had ratified the U.S. Constitution only one day earlier! The Confederation Congress, Madison reported, “are at present making the arrangements for putting the Government into operation.” The New York ratifying convention had been in an […]

Article V: Protecting the “General Liberty or Security of the People”

On or around this day in 1788, Alexander Hamilton was working on a paper that would defend the ability of STATES—not Congress—to begin the constitutional amendment process.[1] To date, this state-initiated process has never been used. Not even one time! Perhaps a little background is in order. Article V of the United States Constitution provides […]

George Washington versus Chuck Hagel on Military Chaplains

In the world according to Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, military chaplains are not essential personnel who can continue working during a government shutdown. But family counselors are. George Washington must be spinning in his grave. Indeed, Hagel must have worked really hard to twist existing congressional provisions into a prohibition on paying chaplains. The […]

Getting History Right

As a nation, we are often too ill-informed on our own history.  This is really unfortunate, because we need this knowledge if we are to be a successful self-governing people.  An informed people can be in charge of its government.  An uninformed people drifts along, too easily controlled by its government or the media. A few years ago, I […]