The Anti-Federalist Papers: Centinel IV

On this day in 1787, an author writing under the pseudonym “Centinel” writes his fourth contribution to the anti-Federalist Papers. These papers argued against the new Constitution, then being considered for ratification by the states. An underlying assumption of the pro-Constitution movement was that the then-existing Articles of Confederation (effectively America’s first constitution) were “inadequate […]

The Anti-Federalist Papers: Brutus IV

On this day in 1787, an author writing under the pseudonym “Brutus” writes his fourth contribution to the anti-Federalist Papers. These papers argued against the new Constitution, then being considered for ratification by the states. “There can be no free government,” Brutus begins, “where the people are not possessed of the power of making the […]

The Anti-Federalist Papers: Cato V

On this day in 1787, an author writing under the pseudonym “Cato” writes his fifth contribution to the anti-Federalist Papers. These papers argued against the new Constitution, then being considered for ratification by the states. Cato is worried that portions of the Constitution are too vague: Indeed, “inexplicitness seems to pervade this whole political fabric.” […]

The Anti-Federalist Papers: Brutus III

On this day in 1787, an author writing under the pseudonym “Brutus” writes his third contribution to the anti-Federalist Papers. These papers argued against the new Constitution, then being considered for ratification by the states. Brutus is very upset about the manner in which congressmen are apportioned among the states. He summarizes the constitutional provision: […]

The Anti-Federalist Papers: Cato IV

On this day in 1787, an author writing under the pseudonym “Cato” writes his fourth contribution to the anti-Federalist Papers. These papers argued against the new Constitution, then being considered for ratification by the states. Cato worries that the new office of President has been given too much power, particularly when combined with a long […]