This Week in History: The War of 1812, the Battle of the Philippine Sea, and victory at Okinawa

Happy Sunday! Attached is a summary of my “morning history” posts from this past week. For those who are interested, links to these posts can now be found on Pinterest, MeWe, a Facebook Group, and Tumblr, too. Enjoy and have a great week!

Monday, June 17

Medal of Honor Monday! During this week in 1943, a B-17 crew fends off nearly two dozen Japanese fighter planes. Captain Jay Zeamer and Second Lieutenant Joseph Sarnoski would later receive the Medal of Honor for their actions. It remains one of the few times that two members of a single crew were so honored for separate acts of heroism during the same combat. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Instagram

Tuesday, June 18

On this day in 1812, President James Madison signs a declaration of war against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. His signature marked the official beginning of the War of 1812, a war that has been called the “forgotten” war. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Instagram

Wednesday, June 19

On this day in 1944, the Battle of the Philippine Sea begins. Americans would win a decisive victory, leaving the Imperial Japanese Navy crippled and the U.S. Navy in command of the Pacific. One pilot became America’s leading Navy Ace during the battle. Then-Lt. Alex Vraciu shot down 6 Japanese planes in just 8 minutes! FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Instagram

Thursday, June 20

On this day in 1782, the Confederation Congress adopts the Great Seal of the United States. The seal was nearly 6 years in the making! Congress had been working on it since July 4, 1776, not too long after the American Revolution began. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Instagram

Friday, June 21

On this day in 1942, a Japanese submarine launches an attack on a fort in Oregon. Wait. What? A fort in Oregon, far away from so many World War II battlefields? Yes, you read that correctly. The attack on Fort Stevens was one of a handful of times that the Japanese attacked the American mainland. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Instagram

Saturday, June 22

On this day in 1945, Americans raise a flag over the Japanese island of Okinawa. The nearly three-month battle to capture the island was finally over. The Battle of Okinawa would prove to be one of the bloodiest in the Pacific during World War II. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Instagram

Check out my Saturday morning presidential trivia! Facebook

Sunday, June 23

At about this time in 1781, two South Carolina women take a huge risk for the Patriot cause. Yet the details of their escapade were nearly lost to history. Americans were then conducting two sieges in the South: Major General Nathanael Greene was at Ninety-Six, a fortified village near Cambridge. Meanwhile, General Andrew Pickens and Colonel Henry “Light Horse Harry” Lee were outside Augusta. Needless to say, it didn’t always go so well for those living near Augusta and Ninety-Six. Two women by the names of Grace and Rachel Martin were among those who were being harassed by Loyalists and British officers in the area. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Instagram