This Week in History: Valley Forge, Apollo 14, and Origins of the “Sons of Liberty”

Happy Sunday! Attached is a summary of my “morning history” posts from this past week. For those who are interested, links to these posts can now be found on Pinterest, too. Enjoy and have a great week!

Monday, February 5

Medal of Honor Monday! On (almost) this day in 1919, an American hero is born. Desmond Doss was a Seventh-Day Adventist who would serve in the U.S. Army for years without ever once picking up a gun. He would also become the only conscientious objector to receive a Medal of Honor for his service during World War II. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Google+; Instagram

Bonus quote: Federalist Paper No. 50: “[I]n the examination of these expedients, I confine myself to their aptitude for ENFORCING the Constitution, by keeping the several departments of power within their due bounds, without particularly considering them as provisions for ALTERING the Constitution itself.” MORE:  Permalink; Facebook

Tuesday, February 6

On (almost) this day in 1776, General George Washington notifies his troops of a new policy regarding chaplains’ pay. He’d set out to get better treatment for his chaplains—and he’d succeeded. Yes, you read that right. Washington wanted MORE public money to be used for religious purposes. He did not want to skimp on something as important as military chaplains. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Google+; Instagram

Bonus quote: Federalist Paper No. 51: “But what is government itself, but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary.” MORE:  Permalink; Facebook

Wednesday, February 7

On this day in 1778, George Washington and his army endure an unusually bad week at Valley Forge. A blizzard covered the area with snow, and the army was in bad shape. Wood could not be transported to make fires. Food was increasingly scarce. Washington would soon write about the “famine in camp.” FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Google+; Instagram

Thursday, February 8

On this day in 1837, the U.S. Senate selects a Vice President of the United States. The Electoral College had already elected a President: Martin Van Buren. So why hadn’t Van Buren’s running mate been elected, too? And how did the Senate manage to get involved? Let’s just say that it had been quite a controversial election year! FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Google+; Instagram

Bonus quote: Federalist Paper No. 52: “As it is essential to liberty that the government in general should have a common interest with the people, so it is particularly essential that the [House] should have an immediate dependence on, and an intimate sympathy with, the people. Frequent elections are unquestionably the only policy by which this dependence and sympathy can be effectually secured.” MORE:  Permalink; Facebook

Friday, February 9

On this day in 1971, the crew of Apollo 14 splashes down in the Pacific Ocean. The astronauts had just become the third NASA crew to walk on the moon. NASA had come a long way! Less than one year earlier, Apollo 13 had failed to accomplish the very same mission. Instead, one of its oxygen tanks had exploded, leaving three astronauts in a crippled spaceship about 200,000 miles from Earth. Now NASA—and America—were back. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Google+; Instagram

Bonus quote: Federalist Paper No. 53: “[W]ho will pretend that the liberties of the people of America will not be more secure under biennial elections, unalterably fixed by such a Constitution, than those of any other nation would be, where elections were annual, or even more frequent, but subject to alterations by the ordinary power of the government?” MORE: Permalink; Facebook

Saturday, February 10

On this day in 1780, Lt. Gen. Wilhelm von Knyphausen and his men attempt to capture General George Washington. Did you know that there was a plot to kidnap Washington just 20 short months before the British surrender at Yorktown? Fortunately, the kidnapping attempt failed. Once again, the American Revolution survived what could have been a fatal blow. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Google+; Instagram

Check out my Saturday morning presidential trivia! Facebook

Sunday, February 11

On this day in 1765, the term “Sons of Liberty” is used in a letter written by Jared Ingersoll, Sr. The term would soon be adopted by many American patriots, and these “Sons of Liberty” would fight against British tyranny. Perhaps most memorably, of course, the Sons of Liberty were responsible for the Boston Tea Party! FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Google+; Instagram