This Week in History: The first Marine Commandant, heroism on the WWII “Snowball Route,” & a Quaker spy helps George Washington

Happy Sunday! Attached is a summary of my “morning history” posts from this past week. For those who are interested, links to these posts can now be found on Pinterest, too. Enjoy and have a great week!

Monday, November 27

Medal of Honor Monday! On (almost) this day in 1968, an Air Force helicopter pilot makes a daring rescue. When James P. Fleming rescued an Army Special Forces unit that day, he left enemy territory with one Army commando dangling from his helicopter by a rope! FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Google+; Instagram

Bonus quote! Federalist Paper No. 12: “It has been found in various countries that, in proportion as commerce has flourished, land has risen in value. . . . It is astonishing that so simple a truth should ever have had an adversary; and it is one, among a multitude of proofs, how apt a spirit of ill-informed jealousy, or of too great abstraction and refinement, is to lead men astray from the plainest truths of reason and conviction.” MORE:  Permalink; Facebook

Tuesday, November 28

On this day in 1775, a Philadelphia tavern owner is commissioned as commanding officer of the newly formed Marines. Samuel Nicholas received his commission only 18 days after the Continental Congress passed a resolution requiring that “two Battalions of Marines be raised” to support the recently organized Continental Navy. Nicholas was another “Fighting Quaker”! FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Google+; Instagram

Bonus post: Federalist Paper No. 13: “[T]here will be so much the less to be drawn from the pockets of the people. . . . Nothing can be more evident than that the thirteen States will be able to support a national government better than one half, or one third, or any number less than the whole.” MORE: Permalink; Facebook

Wednesday, November 29

On this day in 1942, Coast Guard Lt. John Pritchard departs on a rescue mission. Unfortunately, that mission would end in tragedy. Pritchard and two others were never seen again. The trouble began weeks earlier when an American transport plane crashed on the Greenland Ice Cap. The aircraft had been following the so-called “Snowball Route,” a risky but necessary flight path often utilized during World War II. Five men survived the crash landing and radioed for assistance. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Google+; Instagram

Bonus quote! Brutus IV: “I would observe, that constitutions are not so necessary to regulate the conduct of good rulers as to restrain that of bad ones.—Wise and good men will exercise power so as to promote the public happiness under any form of government.” MORE: Permalink

Thursday, November 30

On this day in 1782, a preliminary peace treaty is signed by British and American representatives. It was just one of many steps in the long, hard road to negotiate a peace between Britain and America after the Revolution. We all hear about George Washington’s victory at Yorktown! But we hear much less about the two years that followed: We weren’t really at war anymore. But we weren’t really at peace, either. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Google+; Instagram

Bonus post: Federalist Paper No. 14: “Happily for America, happily, we trust, for the whole human race, [the leaders of the Revolution] pursued a new and more noble course. They accomplished a revolution which has no parallel in the annals of human society. . . . If their works betray imperfections, we wonder at the fewness of them.” MORE: Permalink; Facebook

Bonus post: Centinel IV: “Of what avail will be a prosperous state of commerce, when the produce of it will be at the absolute disposal of an arbitrary and unchecked government, who may levy at pleasure the most oppressive taxes; who may destroy every principle of freedom; who may even destroy the privilege of complaining.” MORE: Permalink; Facebook

Friday, December 1

On this day in 1955, Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Google+; Instagram

Bonus quote!  Federalist Paper No. 15: “If the road over which you will still have to pass should in some places appear to you tedious or irksome, you will recollect that you are in quest of information on a subject the most momentous which can engage the attention of a free people.” MORE:  Permalink; Facebook

Saturday, December 2

On this day in 1777, a Quaker woman overhears British soldiers plotting an attack on George Washington’s army. She decides to act! Lydia Darragh was then living in British-occupied Philadelphia. She’d stayed in the city, despite the fact that many other Americans had evacuated. The Quakers were pacifists, so they were assumed neutral and not viewed with suspicion. British General William Howe occasionally demanded the use of Darragh’s parlor for officer meetings. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Google+; Instagram

Check out my Saturday morning presidential trivia! Facebook

Sunday, December 3

On (almost) this day in 1783, George Washington says his final goodbye to a group of officers at Fraunces Tavern in New York. The city had served as the British headquarters throughout the long years of the war. It was the last city to be evacuated when the war was over! On November 25, however, the British finally left, and George Washington entered the city. FULL STORY: Permalink; Facebook; Google+; Instagram