The Anti-Federalist Papers: Centinel IV

On this day in 1787, an author writing under the pseudonym “Centinel” writes his fourth contribution to the anti-Federalist Papers. These papers argued against the new Constitution, then being considered for ratification by the states. An underlying assumption of the pro-Constitution movement was that the then-existing Articles of Confederation (effectively America’s first constitution) were “inadequate […]

This Day in History: Winston Churchill spends his 25th birthday in captivity

On this day in 1874, Sir Winston Churchill is born. This adopted American is best known, of course, for serving as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during World War II. Churchill was the son of an American mother and an English father. His father was extremely tough on him, and his mother at times […]

The Anti-Federalist Papers: Brutus IV

On this day in 1787, an author writing under the pseudonym “Brutus” writes his fourth contribution to the anti-Federalist Papers. These papers argued against the new Constitution, then being considered for ratification by the states. “There can be no free government,” Brutus begins, “where the people are not possessed of the power of making the […]

This Day in History: USS Archerfish sinks the Japanese aircraft carrier Shinano

On this day in 1944, the submarine USS Archerfish sinks the Japanese aircraft carrier Shinano. The Japanese ship was then brand new; it had been commissioned less than two weeks earlier. The ship wasn’t even completely fitted out! When Archerfish found her, she was en route to the Inland Sea to complete some final items. […]