This Week in History: Washington’s Navy, the Swamp Fox, 1st Continental Congress

Happy Sunday! Attached is a summary of my “morning history” posts from this past week. Enjoy and have a great week!

Monday, September 1

On this day in 1775, King George III formally receives an Olive Branch petition from the American colonies. The Olive Branch Petition was adopted by the Continental Congress on July 5, 1775. Some, like John Adams, thought that war was inevitable; however, the majority of Congress voted to give reconciliation a try. A petition was thus drafted, approved, and finally signed on July 8. FULL STORY: (Facebook); (Google+); (Instagram)

Bonus quote! Calvin Coolidge: “No matter what anyone may say about making the rich and the corporations pay the taxes, in the end they come out of the people who toil. . . . The people pay the expense of government, often many times over, in the increased cost of living. I want taxes to be less, that the people may have more.” MORE:

Tuesday, September 2

On this day in 1775, George Washington directs Nicholson Broughton to take command of the first ship in Washington’s navy. The war had just started, and Washington was working to get his army supplied. One of his early solutions was to build up a small fleet of ships that could raid British supply vessels. These ships came to be known as Washington’s “Cruisers” or his “Navy.” FULL STORY: (Facebook); (Google+); (Instagram)

Wednesday, September 3

On this day in 1780, the British capture Henry Laurens, an American emissary traveling to negotiate a treaty with the Netherlands. Laurens was carrying an unofficial Treaty of Amity and Commerce when his ship was captured off the coast of Newfoundland. He quickly threw the document overboard, but he failed to weigh it down sufficiently and it was soon discovered. The British imprisoned Laurens in the Tower of London for “suspicion of high treason.” FULL STORY: (Facebook); (Google+); (Instagram)

Bonus quote! George Washington: “The General hopes the justice of the great cause in which they are engaged, the necessity and importance of defending this Country, preserving its Liberties, and warding off the destruction meditated against it, will inspire every man with Firmness and Resolution, in time of action, which is now approaching—Ever remembring that upon the blessing of Heaven, and the bravery of the men, our Country only can be saved.” MORE:

Thursday, September 4

On this day in 1780, Francis Marion wins a victory against Loyalist forces. Marion later came to be known as the “Swamp Fox.” Perhaps you will see why! The British were then holding the state of South Carolina. Patriot resistance came from men such as Francis Marion, the wily commander who has been called one of the fathers of guerrilla warfare. When Loyalists heard that Marion was in the swamps of eastern South Carolina, a force led by Major Micajah Ganey set out to get him. FULL STORY: (Facebook); (Google+); (Instagram)

The-first-prayer-in-congress-september-1774Friday, September 5

On this day in 1774, the first Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia. It immediately tackled an issue that would crop up again and again during these years: How can large and small colonies work together in one union? And it soon attacked another thorny issue: Should Congress be opened with prayer? FULL STORY: (Facebook); (Google+); (Instagram)

Saturday, September 6

On this day in 1901, President William McKinley is shot by a gunman. He would pass away eight days later. The President was shaking hands in a reception line when he was approached by a man with a handkerchief over his right hand. Unfortunately, the man, an anarchist named Leon Czolgosz, had a revolver hidden under the handkerchief. FULL STORY: (Facebook); (Google+); (Instagram)

Check out my Saturday morning presidential trivia!

Bonus quote! Calvin Coolidge: “It is much more important to kill bad bills than to pass good ones.”

Bonus quote! Thomas Jefferson: “I think my self that we have more machinery of government than is necessary, too many parasites living on the labor of the industrious. I believe it might be much simplified to the relief of those who maintain it.”

Sunday, September 7

On this day in 1776, Americans launch the first submarine attack! Everything about this early submarine (the “Turtle”) was manual: Propellers and ballasts were operated by hand cranks or foot pedals. The Turtle carried one underwater mine that could be attached to a ship; it could detonate on a timed fuse. The Turtle’s inventor, David Bushnell, was unable to operate his own machine because he was not strong enough. George Washington helped to recruit a volunteer, Ezra Lee. The mission? Navigate the Turtle to the British flag ship, the Eagle. Attach a mine under the ship and destroy it. FULL STORY: (Facebook); (Google+); (Instagram)

Bonus quote! Ronald Reagan: “We founded a Republic in which “We the People” would set limits on the power of government, and not the other way around.” MORE: